- Bargaining Rights for Agricultural Workers in Ontario
- Saskatchewan Labour Relations Board and the Wal-Mart store closing in Quebec
- Alberta Introduces a Foreign Qualification Recognition Plan
- Ivey Business Journal Looks at Innovation
- Perception of Corporate Responsibility Linked to Reputation
- Excessive Rewards Hinder Performance
- Are Higher Wages Luring Canadian Graduates to the U.S?
- Accommodating Mental Illness
- Ontario's Teacher Labour Market
- Fending Off a Canadian Recession
- Lessons from the Celtic Tiger
- Natural Resources and the Canadian Economy
- Producers’ Dilemma II
- Better Work Gathers Support for Fair Globalization
- Book of the Week
In the decision Fraser v. Ontario (Attorney General), issued November 17, 2008 by the Court of Appeal for Ontario, theAgricultural Employees Protection Act (AEPA), 2002, S.O. 2002, c. 16 was found to be constitutionally invalid. According to the decision, the AEPA will not be invalidated for another 12 months, so that the Ontario government can determine other statutory protections for the collective bargaining rights of agricultural workers. The decision includes: a history of labour relations in Ontario’s agricultural sector; a description of the key features of the AEPA; a review of the decision of the lower court; an outline and analysis of the legal issues raised by the appeal.
The Saskatchewan Labour Relations Board will hear a complaint by the United Food and Commercial Workers alleging that Wal-Mart’s closing of the recently organized Quebec store is an unfair labour practice because it intimidates any Wal-Mart employees from future attempts to organize.
United Food and Commercial Workers, Local 1400, Applicant v. Wal-Mart Canada Corp. operating as Wal-Mart, Wal-Mart Canada, Sam’s Club and Sam’s Club Canada, Respondent LRB File No. 038-05; October 24, 2008
The Government of Alberta has released a plan to improve recognition of foreign-earned qualifications. A Foreign Qualifications Recognition Plan for Alberta includes: establishing a $1-million Innovation Fund to promote innovative and flexible approaches to foreign qualifications assessment; enhancing information and resources for employers, immigrants and potential newcomers; developing International Education Guides to provide comprehensive information on educational systems and credentials in other countries and comparisons to standards in Alberta; and developing occupational profiles detailing the licensing, certification or assessment process.
The most recent edition of the Ivey Business Journal, November/ December 2008, is now available online. Innovation is the theme of a number of articles in this issue including: “Process Innovation: the crucial facilitator of product innovation,” by Chris Piper; “The Games that Innovators Play,”by Roger Miller and Marcel Côté; and "Changing Perceptions and Triggering Innovation," by Terri L. Griffith and John E. Sawyer
The Boston College Center for Corporate Citizenship has released its report The Most Respected U.S. Companies 2008. The report ranks the top 50 companies in the United States which the public distinguishes for corporate social responsibility. The data used focused on the public perception about a company’s corporate citizenship, governance and workplace practices. The top ten companies were: Google, Campbell Soup, Johnson & Johnson, Walt Disney, Kraft Foods, General Mills, Levi Strauss, UPS, Berkshire Hathaway and Microsoft.
A research paper featured in Rotman News titled, "Large Stakes and Big Mistakes," found that, although performance pay is seen as a motivational tool, excessive rewards can cause a decline in performance.
A study titled, “Revisiting Canada's Brain Drain: Evidence from the 2000 Cohort of Canadian University Graduates”, published in the current issue of Canadian Public Policy, compares the early economic returns of new graduates who stayed in Canada with those of new graduates who left to work in the United States. The study found annual earnings to be significantly higher for all individuals who relocated to the United States, particularly undergraduate engineers and computer scientists.
The Canadian Human Rights Commission’s publication, Policy and Procedures on the Accommodation of Mental Illness, is available online. The policy outlines the accommodation process and provides guidance to help managers and supervisors take the initiative to ensure employees with a mental illness are offered appropriate accommodation when necessary.
“For the foreseeable future Ontario, as well as most other provinces, will be faced with a shrinking school system, staffed by an aging and static teaching workforce. Responding to this challenge will be complicated by factors such as high retirement levels, more restrictive collective agreement language, and pension solvency issues.” [From Queen’s University IRC]
A Conference Board of Canada paper titled, Fending Off a Canadian Recession: What More Can Be Done? calls upon the Canadian government for an active fiscal policy that will maintain domestic demand and ensure that firms have sufficient access to credit.
The Canada West Foundation has released a research paper titled, More Than Just Lucky Shamrocks: The Re-Invention of Ireland and Lessons for Western Canada. The paper explores the public policy lessons that western Canada can learn from the Irish experience over the last 20 years. It outlines four key public policy recommendations that could help western Canada achieve a much higher and more competitive status in the global economy.
“The Role of Natural Resources in Canada’s Economy” by P. Cross, is the feature article in the current issue of Statistics Canada’s Canadian Economic Observer, November 2008. The paper looks at the impact the seven year commodity boom has had on various sectors of the economy, and at the same time highlights those sectors that are most vulnerable to the recent bust in commodity prices.
With Producers’ Dilemma II: Managing development in a world of scarcity, Deloitte has expanded the game theory model to include the participation of both industry and government. It builds on the first phase’s role-play exercise in which a group of Deloitte energy and resources professionals and associates simulated the strategic options and preferences of major oil sands companies and the Alberta government.
Better Work, a partnership between the International Labour Organization and the International Finance Corporation is seeking to improve labour standards and competitiveness in global supply chains.
International Trade and Labor Standards : a Proposal for Linkage, by Christian Barry and Sanjay G. Reddy. New York : Columbia University Press, 2008. 207 ISBN 978-0-231-14048-5
Progressive governments in poor countries fear that if they undertake measures to enhance real wages and working conditions, rising labor costs would cause wealthier countries to import from and invest elsewhere. Yet if the world trading system were designed to facilitate or even reward measures to promote labor standards, poor countries could undertake them without fear. This book propose ways in which the international trading system can support poor countries in promoting the well-being of their peoples.
About the Authors: Christian Barry teaches philosophy the Australian National University and Sanjay G. Reddy is an assistant professor of economics at Barnard College and at the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University.
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