- Vulnerable Workers
- Global Crisis and Restructuring in the Automotive Industry
- Labour Relations Laws in Canada and the United States
- Pension Plan Surpluses and the Kerry Decision
- Pension Legislation and Regulation in Canada
- Pensions and Healthcare in an Ageing World
- Ontario Human Rights Commission
- Effects of the Recession on Men & Women
- Recruiting Talent in the Current Economic Downturn
- Effects of the Economic Crisis on Living Standards
- Ivey Business Journal
- Perspectives on Labour and Income
- Preparing the Workers of Today for the Jobs of Tomorrow
- European Industrial Relations and Industry Reports
- Book of the Week
Broken Laws, Unprotected Workers: Violations of Employment and Labor Laws in America's Cities is a recently released study that examines violations of employment and labor laws in the United States -- the right to be paid at least the minimum wage, to be paid for overtime hours, to take meal breaks, access to workers' compensation when injured, and the right to advocate for better working conditions. In 2008 the authors conducted a survey of 4,387 workers in low-wage industries in Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York City. Vulnerable workers who are often missed in standard surveys, such as unauthorized immigrants and those paid in cash were included. The goal of the study was to obtain accurate and statistically representative estimates of the prevalence of workplace violations.
The International Metal Workers’ Federation has published a report titled The Global Crisis and Restructuring in Automotive and Metalworking Industries. The paper looks at the global downturn, the widespread job loss and working hour reductions, government measures and Metalworking union actions and responses.
The Fraser Institute has released a study titled, Labour Relations Laws in Canada and the United States: an empirical comparison, 2009 Edition. This publication provides an assessment of labour relations laws in the private sector for the ten Canadian provinces, the Canadian federal jurisdiction, and the fifty states of the United States. Components of labour relations laws are examined within three category groupings– union organizing, union security, and the regulation of unionized firms.
The Supreme Court of Canada has upheld the Ontario Superior Court judgment that allowed pension fund managers to maintain control over pension plan surpluses -- certainly an issue from earlier years. The Court blog has a couple of very thorough postings on the history and the outcome of the case.
The C.D. Howe Institute has released a paper titled, In The Pension Tangle: Achieving Greater Uniformity of Pension Legislation and Regulation in Canada. According to the author cross-jurisdictional differences in pension legislation and regulation discourages the creation of national, single-employer pension plans. Currently 60 percent of working Canadians do not have private pensions sponsored by their employer. Options for regulatory reform and harmonization are suggested.
The World Economic Forum, in collaboration with Mercer and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), has released a report titled, Transforming Pensions and Healthcare in a Rapidly Ageing World.The paper addresses the challenge of financing retirement and healthcare in light of world-wide demographic changes that include a rapidly ageing population, a declining labour force, and alarming healthcare and pension benefit costs. Concerted effort from government, private sectors and civil societies is essential to address these concerns.
The OHRC has released their Annual Report for 2008-2009, providing “a snapshot of successes and challenges of the past year, new policies and important legal decisions,” while also discussing the Commissions priorities for the future.
Two reports from the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives have been released discussing issues related to the current recession and its affect on both males and females.
Canada’s “He-cession,” by Trish Hennessy and CIRHR graduate Armine Yalnizyan, reports that while Canada’s unemployment gender gap has hit both men and women hard, statistics issued by Stats Canada note that 71% of individuals that have lost their jobs have been men.
Women’s Poverty and the Recession by Monica Townson argues that despite the shockingly high rates of women’s poverty, the recession has sidelined anti-poverty policies to lower these numbers. This study also provides a critical analysis of how recent federal government policies have in fact contributed to the growing numbers of poor women.
As part of its longitudinal project, The Promise of Future Leadership: A Research Program on Highly Talented Employees in the Pipeline, Catalyst has released Insight Report: Opportunity or Setback? High Potential Women and Men During Economic Crisis. This report examines whether organizations that have paid a premium to recruit up-and-coming talent are leveraging that investment during the current economic downturn. Findings suggest that businesses must be vigilant about retention even during periods of economic instability.
The Centre for the Study of Living Standards in collaboration with the Institute of Wellbeing has released a report which looks at how the economic crisis has unfolded in Canada and the effects that it has had on economic wellbeing. The study concludes that the current recession will “erase many of the economic and standard of living gains made since the mid-1990s,” also noting that unemployment and poverty will likely continue to rise and stay at high levels for years.
The Ivey Business Journal has released their new issue focusing on innovation. The July/August issue looks at thinking outside the box with regards to whom public and private funding is given to – while traditionally given to scientists, this issue questions what could be achieved if some of this funding were diverted to practitioners, managers, or salespeople.
For more articles on innovation, please see the July/August issue.
Perspectives on Labour and Income, the monthly publication from Statistics Canada that brings together and analyzes a wide range of labour and income data, released the following papers in the July and August 2009 editions.
“In this report, the President’s Council of Economic Advisers presents a projection of potential developments in the U.S. labor market over the next five to ten years and discusses the preparations necessary to develop the 21st century workforce. We discuss the skills that will likely be most relevant in growing occupations, the value and limitations of our current post-high school education and training systems, and the characteristics of a more effective education and training structure.”
The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound) has released their annual review highlighting the most significant development that took place in industrial relations in EU Member States and Norway in 2008. Titled Industrial relations developments in Europe 2008, the report discussesdevelopments in employment legislation, trends in bargaining, and the regulation and working condition of self-employed workers are discussed at length among many other issues.
Eurofound has also published a series of reports titled Investing in the Future of jobs and skills, which focus on different sectors and the new skills and jobs relating to these industries. For the full reports, please click on the sector you are interested in below:
On the Ground: Labor Struggle in the American Airline Industry, by Liesl Miller Orenic. Urbana : University of Illinois Press, 2009. 281 p. ISBN 978-0-252-03433-6 (hardback), 978-0-252-07627-5 (paperback)
On the Ground charts labor relations in the airline industry, unraveling the story of how baggage handlers--classified as unskilled workers--built tense but mutually useful alliances with their skilled coworkers such as aircraft mechanics and made tremendous gains in wages and working conditions, even in the era of supposedly "complacent" labor in the 1950s and 1960s. Liesl Miller Orenic explains how airline jobs on the ground were constructed, how workers chose among unions, and how federal labor policies as well as industry regulation both increased and hindered airline workers' bargaining power
About the Author: Liesl Miller Orenic is an associate professor of history and the director of American studies at Dominican University.
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